And vice versa, if there be several actual worlds without one another, several primary and necessary causes are given, so, however, as to give intercommunication neither to one world with another, nor to the cause of one with the world caused by another. Whether things falling under sense-perception be simultaneous or in line of succession cannot be represented but by the idea of time; nor does succession beget the concept of time; it appeals to it. The empirical, that by which an object is given as existing, is termed sensation or impression, constituting the matter of experience ; called, when connected with consciousness, perception. But converting the proposition, so as to make the predicate an intellectual concept, it becomes perfectly true; thus: For ill the first place, being apprehended sensual concepts, they, being consequences, witness the presence of the object, contrary to Idealism ; and as regards judgments concerning that which is sensuously known, since truth in judging con- sists in the agreement of the predicate with the given subject, and since the concept of the subject as a phenomenon is given only by relation to the sensuous cognitive faculty, the sensuously observable predicates being given according to the same, it is plain that the representations of subject and predicate are made according to common laws, and hence give occasion for perfectly true cognition.
Hence, whether the opposite of any substance be possible, an insight hardly obtained from a priori marks, is not otherwise known than by its being evident that at some time that substance was not; and changes rather witness contingency than contingency mutability, so that were nothing fleeting and transitory to occur in the world, a notion of contingence would hardly be possible in us. This is but one illustration of the continual evolution of Kantian from Leibnitzian ideas under the influence of mathe- matical and nature studies. It is evident how much toil the latter is expending to dispel the fogs of confusion darkening the common intellect, though not always with the happy success of the former science. And, furthermore, this fonn essential to the world is on that account iniviutahlc, and exposed to no vicissitude whatever. In this connection it is of the greatest moment to note that cogni- tions must continue to be regarded as sensuous, no matter how great may have been the logical use of the intellect upon them.
For instance, Kant is responsible for much demolition and re- fashioning of Aristotelian logic. Comments of Lambert and Mendelssohn. Since it is necessary to very infinitude to be without endand hence no successive series is given but what is the part of another, completeness or absolute totality is by parity of reasoning plainly excluded. This page was last edited on 3 Februaryat The sensual condition under which alone data can be compared in order to form the intellectual concept of the objectis the condition of the very possibility of the object.
Kant’s inaugural dissertation of 1770
Disregarding the Associ- ationists and the Scottish school of philosophy, Hume’s lasting influence on the history of philosophy arose from his becoming the metaphysical conscience of Kant. Hence it does not perceive external things but by the presence of the same common sustaining cause; and hence space, which is the universal and necessary condition of the joint presence of everything known sensuously, may be called the phenomenal omnipresencefor the cause of the universe is not present to all things and everything, as being in their places, but their places, that is the relations of the substances, are possible, because it is intimately present to all.
Ideas make facts; Platonic as the expression may sound in some ears, it is true, at all events, of historical facts.
As for the latter spurious axiow, it originates from a rash conversion of the principle of contradiction. The former relation is reciprocal and homonymousany correlate in respect to any other being considered as at once determining and determined.
Hence he concluded that reason has no faculty to think such con- nections, even in a general way. Time is not thinkable by changes, but reversely.
Therefore, the form of the universe witnesses the cause of matter, and only the sole cause of all things is the cause of the universenor is there an architect of the world not at the same time its creator.
Sufficient marks of contingency of that of which it is not evident that at some time it was not, are not, by common intelligence, given. But it follows especially from a real cause.
To man, no kamts of intellectual concepts is given, only symbolical cognitionand intellection is granted us only by universal concepts in the abstract, not by the concrete singular. Public domain Public domain false false. One must have arrived at them by independent reflection. In either of them the concept of time, it is true, does not enter into the very notion of the predicate, nor is it attributed as a qualification to the subject.
By our sensi- bility we do not know the nature of things confusedly. Kant’s language is adhered to only as far as smoothness of presentation permits. Paragraph 20 The 4mindane substances are beings from, another being ; not from several, but all from one.
Whatever is, is somewhere and sometime. Synthesis as well as analysis are here taken only in the latter sense.
William J. Eckoff, Kant’s Inaugural Dissertation of – PhilPapers
As a part of the plan for col- lecting the elicited responses, a series of monographs was prepared covering the field of the pre-critical work of Kant in Kant’s own language, with no more additions from the writer than would suffice for connective tissue. This novel idea of a synthesis by the 177 unity of apperception sets the absolute limits to Hume’s influence. It is, therefore, absurd to excite reason against the primary postulates of pure time, as, for example, continuity, etc.
If he still believed himself able to point out the Kwnts Possible Evidence towards the Demonstration of the Existence of God, the whole method of his argument pointed forward already toward the Inaugurak of Teleological Judgment. Hence people discuss dissertatioon sorts of inane questions, such as concerning dissertagion places of immaterial substances—of which, for that very reason, there is no sensuous intuition, nor, under that form, any representation—in the corporeal universe, or the seat of the soul; and as they improperly mix sensual things with intellectual concepts, like inauhural figures with round, it oftens happens that of the disputants one appears as milking a he-goat, and the other as holding the sieve under.
The cause, therefore, of the world is an extramundane being, and so is not the soul of the world, nor is its presence in the world local, but virtual. Those who deem space and time to be something real and the absolute bond, so to speak, of all possible substances in space, hold nothing else to be required in order to conceive how an original relation can belong to several existing things as the primitive condition of possible influence and the principle of the essential form of the universe.
Catalog Record: Kant’s inaugural dissertation of 1770 | Hathi Trust Digital Library
For, not to enlarge upon the obvious circle in which they become involved in defining space, they cast forth geometry, thrown down from the pinnacle of certitude, into the number of those sciences whose principles are empirical. That such an axiom is spurious, and, if not false, at least a rash and question-begging assertion, appears thus: Similarly, a substantial composite being given, we easily attain to the idea of the simple parts by the general removal of the intel- kanys notion of composition ; for what remlkins after the removal of conjunction are the simple parts.