This is the concept of successive frontiers. Herbert Baxter Adams , historian and educator, one of the first to use the seminar method in U. The question is whether their frontiers were powerful enough to overcome conservative central forces based in the metropolis. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Williams viewed the frontier concept as a tool to promote democracy through both world wars, to endorse spending on foreign aid, and motivate action against totalitarianism. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianism , a lack of interest in high culture , and violence. The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching.
Disneyland ‘s Frontierland of the mid to late 20th century reflected the myth of rugged individualism that celebrated what was perceived to be the American heritage. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could experience less institutionalized forms of racism and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History. Religious institutions from the eastern seaboard, in particular, battled for possession of the West. Significance of the frontier role in historiography In historiography: In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today.
Turner first announced his thesis in a paper entitled ” The Significance of the Frontier in American History “, delivered to the American Historical Association in in Chicago.
He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianism frontler, a lack of interest in high cultureand violence.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.
PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner
According to Turner, American progress has repeatedly undergone a cyclical process on the fdontier line as society has needed to redevelop with its movement westward. Thank you for your feedback.
Rebelling against frojtier view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American frdeerick and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history. Many such critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the West as a distinctive region, much like the American South.
Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future.
Frederick Jackson Turner | American historian |
Mode inargued that churches adapted to the characteristics of the frontier, creating new denominations such as the Mormonsthe Church of Christthe Disciples of Christand the Cumberland Presbyterians.
They argue that, “Frontier imagery motivates Fermilab physicists, and a rhetoric remarkably similar to that of Turner helped them secure support for their research. Slatta argues that the widespread popularization of Turner’s frontier thesis influenced popular histories, motion pictures, and tgesis, which characterize the West in terms of individualism, frontier violence, and rough justice.
Turner sets up the East and the West as opposing forces; as the West explaln for freedom, the East seeks to control it.
Frederick Jackson Turner
This development, in Turner’s description of the frontier, “begins with the Indian and the hunter; it goes on with the disintegration of savagery by the entrance of the trader Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback.
Related concepts are the safety valve and successive frontiers. Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard fredrick They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves.
You are commenting using your Google account. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age—to the stout in spirit, regardless of party. The most important aspect of the frontier to Turner is its effect on democracy. thesjs
The second reason has to do with regional history. Addresses and Opinions of Franklin Delano Roosevelt p.
Land, labour, and independence. Herbert Baxter Adamshistorian and educator, one of the first to use the seminar method in U. Metz, “Frederick Jackson Turner and the democratization of the electronic frontier. Turner believes that state lines are artificial constructs, and that regions are really divided by natural boundary lines, such as mountains.
Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source of U. In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs.
frontisr Significance of the frontier role in historiography In historiography: A Criticism of the Turner Theory”. On a more analytic level, an increasing number of Western historians have found the very concept of a frontier dubious, because it applies to too many disparate places and times to be useful.
The term history may be employed in two quite different senses: